All the President’s Men deals with the Watergate burglary and investigation that ultimately brought down Richard Nixon’s administration. This important chapter of modern American history is brought to the screen as a faithful adaptation of Woodward and Bernstein’s book chronicling the investigative reporting behind their Pulitzer-prize-winning coverage that changed the face of American politics and redefined the American presidency. The movie was nominated for a total of eight awards (1976); the four wins, in addition to the acting Award, included Adapted Screenplay (William Goldman), Art Direction (George Jenkins/George Gaines) and Sound (Arthur Piantadosi, Les Fresholtz Dick Alexander and James E. Webb). Alan J. Pakula directed; Walter Coblenz produced the film which also starred Jack Warden, Martin Balsam and Hal Holbrook.
All the President’s Men Revisited, a landmark collaboration co-executive produced by Redford with Andrew Lack and narrated by the actor, has just been nominated for an Emmy® for Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction Special. The documentary reveals secrets behind the scandal and brings Watergate to life with fascinating archival footage, shocking Oval Office recordings and compelling new interviews. Talking on film about the remarkable event is a “cast” that includes Redford, Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein, Dustin Hoffman, Jon Stewart and others. The New York Times’ Alessandra Stanley, writing positively about the documentary’s Discovery Channel broadcast earlier this year concluded, “Watergate is an oft-told tale that still has unopened chapters. All the President’s Men Revisited provides a lingering look at the best-known moments and at a few tantalizing ones left on the discard pile of history.”
Like many of my generation, 'All the President's Men' was the film that inspired me to become a journalist. Though Alan J. Pakula's chronicle of the dogged reporting that ultimately blew the lid off the Watergate incident and brought down our nation's Commander-in-Chief never glamorizes the profession, it makes even the drudgery of endless phone calls, exhausting legwork, and constant pressure seem thrilling. Of course, there's a huge difference between covering what would become one of the biggest stories of the 20th century and a local school board meeting, but 'All the President's Men' depicts the pursuit of the truth as a noble, vital calling that yields tremendous satisfaction and potentially great rewards. It also provides hands-down the most realistic look at the newspaper business and all the myriad elements that go into producing solid journalism than any other movie in history.
The saga of the botched break-in at the Democratic National Headquarters in the summer of 1972 during President Richard Nixon's reelection campaign is well known, and we're all aware of the direct, if circuitous, link between the thugs who tried unsuccessfully to plant surveillance devices in the committee's offices and White House bigwigs. The ensuing cover-up eventually forced Nixon's unprecedented resignation, but were it not for a couple of young, hungry, green, and stubbornly tenacious Washington Post reporters, such an act might never have occurred, and our government and society might be far different than they are today.
Bob Woodward (Robert Redford) and Carl Bernstein (Dustin Hoffman) are now household names, but back then they were unheralded scribes who merely fell into what seemed on the surface to be a run-of-the-mill burglary-gone-wrong story. But when Woodward learns one of the defendants has CIA ties, he knows he's on to something, and begins the arduous process of tracking down leads and unearthing pieces of evidence that soon form a troubling picture of high-level government corruption. Bernstein, a chain-smoking Jewish liberal who's a bit of a loose cannon, is the polar opposite of the conservative, WASP-ish, by-the-book Woodward, but the two make a dynamic team, even as they initially butt heads personally and professionally. The Post's crew of crusty editors, led by the charismatic Ben Bradlee (Jason Robards in an Oscar-winning portrayal), nurture and browbeat them along, continually pushing for more facts, while a mysterious anonymous source (Hal Holbrook) nicknamed Deep Throat drops Woodward cryptic clues and corroborates information as the story starts to pick up steam.
Much like a mystery featuring Hercule Poirot or Sherlock Holmes, 'All the President's Men' is first and foremost a detective yarn. We see how Woodward and Bernstein methodically investigate their subject, pick up on subtle slip-ups and offhand comments, and try to wring morsels of pertinent information from reluctant, often frightened interviewees. It's the roll-up-your-sleeves, pound-the-pavement, get-your-hands-dirty kind of journalism that's practically obsolete in our current technological age, where rumor and innuendo all too often eclipse solid, factual reporting. And yet there's an intoxicating edge to the grunginess and tedium, even the mounting paranoia and fear that consume Woodward and Bernstein as they inch ever closer to igniting the fatal fuse that would eventually implode the Nixon administration.
Since we all know the outcome of Woodward and Bernstein's investigation, the film's fascination stems from how the duo uncovers the facts and overcomes the obstacles in their path, and Pakula masterfully depicts the slow, steady, frustrating journey. Like the ever-present deadlines hanging over the reporters' heads, there's a quiet sense of urgency running through the movie that keeps it taut even as the pair performs mundane tasks, and some cloak-and-dagger suspense swirling around Deep Throat also ramps up tension. For me personally, though, just watching and absorbing the inner workings of a large national daily consumes the bulk of my interest. It's obvious the filmmakers paid a great deal of attention to properly recreating the newsroom atmosphere, editorial meetings, and closed-door conferences about sensitive matters, and the result is a high degree of authenticity few other journalism films come close to matching.
'All the President's Men' holds up well 37 years later, but unfortunately the lack of topicality slightly dulls its impact. I remember seeing the film as a wide-eyed 13-year-old during its initial theatrical run, just two years after Nixon's resignation, when the Watergate wounds were still fresh and the names of the participants - Hunt, Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell, Colson, Segretti - were still on the tips of everyone's tongues. The mixture of immediacy and notoriety added an extra layer of heady excitement to the action. Yet for those just discovering the movie today, I can't help but think the unfamiliarity of most of the figures tempers that buzz just a tad.
Still, 'All the President's Men' never fails to win our respect and admiration. Pakula's first-rate direction, the believable performances of Redford and Hoffman, the absorbing subject matter, Gordon Willis' stellar cinematography, and excellent supporting work from such fine actors as Robards, Jack Weston, Martin Balsam, Ned Beatty, and Jane Alexander all contribute to a film that's as important for what it says as it is for how it's presented. As long as there's democracy, a free press, and a news industry, 'All the President's Men' will remain relevant and stand as an example of how to attack a story with purpose, vigor, and integrity.
The Blu-ray: Vital Disc Stats
The two-disc special edition of 'All the President's Men' comes packaged in a standard Blu-ray case. Video codec is 1080p/AVC MPEG-4 and the primary audio option is a DTS-HD Master Audio 2.0 track. Upon insertion of the disc, a static menu with music pops up after the Warner logo; typical of Warner catalogue titles, no promos or previews precede the menu.
This is the exact same transfer that appears on the digibook release of 'All the President's Men,' and it's quite a good effort. The above-average 1080p/AVC MPEG-4 rendering preserves the film's original look, and though the source material has been scrubbed clean of any annoying defects, such as marks and scratches, a slightly faded look prevails. Well-modulated contrast, however, maximizes the vibrancy of the muted palette, and nicely saturated bursts of color - the red newsroom chairs and green grass and hedges outdoors - substantially perk up the picture. Fleshtones often seem a bit ruddy, but black levels are solid, and shadow delineation, despite some occasional instances of crush (most notable in the Deep Throat garage sequences), is generally good.
Grain is quite noticeable, providing a highly filmic presentation that may put off those who prefer a sleeker look, but the image still exhibits a pleasing degree of clarity. You can see the dirty blotches and smudges on the white newsroom walls very clearly, and close-ups show off facial details well. Backgrounds, however, often flaunt some fuzziness.
This is a very natural-looking transfer that lacks any digital doctoring. Purists and fans who recall the film from its original release should be satisfied.
The audio is also identical to the previous release. Warner provides a lossless DTS-HD Master Audio 2.0 track that makes up in clarity what it lacks in multi-channel activity. The startling opening with the typewriter keys crashing against a sheet of paper will grab anyone's attention, and other bursts of sound throughout the course of the picture are equally stirring. Details, such as pencils scribbling across notepads, footsteps pounding the pavement, and the rattling of rotary phone dials, not to mention the almost constant clack-clack-clack of typewriters, are all quite distinct, and good dynamic range prevents any break-up or distortion.
Dialogue is always easy to understand, and David Shire's music score enjoys fine presence and tonal depth. Save for an airplane flying overhead during one of the exterior scenes, there's not much bass involvement, but subwoofer action is not missed in this type of film. One can only imagine the increased ambience of the bustling newsroom if 'All the President's Men' possessed multi-channel audio, but the mono track does a surprisingly good job of immersing us in the atmosphere. All in all, this is a very solid presentation that should please the film's fans.
A fine array of supplements enhance the disc. All of the material from the 2006 special edition DVD, with the exception of the Alan J. Pakula trailer gallery, has been ported over to this Blu-ray release.
Arguably the greatest journalism film ever made, 'All the President's Men' renews our respect for the press and appreciation of the First Amendment. What was once a Watergate movie is now simply a taut detective story that celebrates the art of reporting and spirit of determination. Redford and Hoffman make a dynamic team, yet their star wattage doesn't diminish the power of this important, always relevant picture. This two-disc special edition loses the digibook packaging of the previous release, but gains a riveting feature-length documentary that puts the Watergate scandal in context and looks at how it has effected and changed politics over the past four decades. The solid video and audio transfers are identical to the ones included on the previous Blu-ray, and all the other supplements appear here, too. If you already own the digibook, upgrading is only recommended if you want the new documentary, and if you haven't yet purchased 'All the President's Men,' whichever edition you choose will depend solely on your personal preference. Either way, all politicos, journalism junkies, and film buffs need to pick this disc up in one form or another. Highly recommended.